Scientists have recently discovered that there are parts of the brain that can doze for a short or long time, but people don’t even suspect it. At any moment, some of the neurons in the brain can fall asleep and go into a state of sleep in order to restore strength.
Why do people forget something or lose things?
So, people forget things somewhere or put them in the wrong place, because the responsible part of the brain is either napping or switching to something. The same thing happens when we look for something and don’t see that the lost thing is right in front of us.
The solution to the problem may be to develop the skill of full presence and increase attentiveness: we are fully able to learn how to always concentrate on the current moment, as Zen Buddhists do, and to understand where and what is put. Trying to focus on what is happening, we give the brain a signal to remember where and what we are putting, as we will each time go into a state of actively focused activity and record what is happening.
And if we get a key finder for keys, we can always know where our keys or wallet are.
You can also put the phone in a box for sunglasses, you do not have to keep information about these items in your memory, so we will remove part of the load from the brain and transfer it to external systems.
Gifts for the brain.
Since ancient times, people have tried to improve memory and the effectiveness of these efforts is confirmed by modern neurobiologists. If you think about it, we really know how to transfer memory functions to external media and devices.
This is also a way to remember and remember: the word “gift” comes from the French “remember”, or “as a keepsake”.
Many of the experts, clamoring with human memory, say that a lot of information about what is stored in the brain: what they saw, heard, smell and touch, what they thought and talked about, like riding a car or having breakfast - everything is stored in it. But if so, why do we forget?
Patrick Jane, the hero of the series The Mentalist, said, “Memory fails us because the brain uses a completely useless system of recording and storing data. He takes everything that happens to us, and dumps together in an enormous dark cabinet. And when we try to find something in our memories, we either notice mainly major events and significant experiences, or we come across unnecessary nonsense, like the words of a stupid song. And what is really needed is almost impossible to find. But this is not a reason for panic - after all, the sought-after is exactly somewhere in this closet. ”
When we have some kind of incident, then, depending on the circumstances, one of the neural chains is activated. Let’s say, we observe dawn - and the visual centers that are responsible for the shadow and light, as well as for pink, orange and yellow, are excited. The view in the sky is changing rapidly, and other neurons will be involved for its contemplation half an hour earlier or later.
Or, say, you are watching a football match: it is thanks to the activity of neurons that you distinguish the faces of players, notice their rearrangement, and even remember the score of the match. Each thought, all impressions, and sensations are associated with a unique set of neurons - and without it, everything would seem to be the same to us. Precisely because groups of brain neurons are not activated simultaneously, we distinguish these events.
Memory is the re-alignment and activation of exactly the chain of neurons that was involved in the initial event.
Brain neurons help to feel and realize what is happening, and when we want to remember something, they restore circumstances for us. As soon as neurons can be activated in approximately the same configuration as at the time of the event, people have a memory: as if the entire sequence of the plot is being played but in a lower resolution. If it were possible to build exactly the same neural chain as it was at the time of the event, the memory would be surprisingly accurate and realistic.
However, the process of recovering events is not ideal: the commands that make the neurons reproduce the original chain are not powerful enough, due to which the memory turns out to be only a weak and often not quite true copy of what happened.
In addition, the events lived are often similar, therefore, when we restore one of them, it is difficult for the brain to identify a certain fact from a number of typical ones. So the memory fails us not only because of the limited capabilities of the brain, it cannot store all the information, but also because of the peculiarities of the memory: errors arise due to the similarity of the files.
Is there a way to find which cases we can remember for sure and which cannot? Here are some of the main rules of the occurrence and experience that stands out from the general background, they are remembered better because at the time of its restoration in the brain is not confused by similar impressions.
For example, it is difficult to remember what exactly we ate for lunch two weeks ago on Wednesday, since this day did not stand out for anything distinctive, and as a result, all our memories of dinners are combined into one picture.
If for lunch you always have approximately the same brain, it is difficult to identify the case of a particular day from your memory. On the other hand, if during lunch you did something that brought you out of the routine - say, broke a cup - it's easier to remember.
Two kinds of memory working process
1. Let us determine the main first one: in order to restore an event, the brain has to sort through a lot of memories of a similar case or experience and choose from them exactly what you need.
If we have experienced many similar events, several, or even all, of the brain pop up at once, that is, the brain forms an overall picture consisting of fragments of memories, although we do not even understand this.
That is why it is so difficult to remember where we left the wallet or keys: they were found so many times in various places in the house that all the memories merged into a single picture, and now it is difficult to understand where we saw them the last time.
2. The second principle of memory is related to emotions. If in any case we are terribly frightened or happy, very upset or angry - that is, we have experienced one of the four basic human emotions - we are more likely to remember these events.
The fact is that the brain forms a connection of important experiences with the corresponding neurochemical markers, due to which these events are remembered as especially important.
It is as if there is a bright yellow marker in the brain that randomly marks the special events of the day.
That's why people often forget where they put their things.